A majority of hot tubs require a circuit of 50 to 60 amps, which is required at a voltage range of 220 to 240V. However, each hot tub manufacturer and model might have different requirements, so it is important to check your tub’s specifics. This recommendation is based on the fact that you will run multiple systems within your spa at once. A 240-V, 60-amp circuit will allow all of your electric devices to function, including your pump, heater, lights, etc.
One very important thing to keep in mind when it comes to installing your hot tub, is that it’s essential to hire a licensed electrician to wire everything. Choosing to do so will ensure all safety measures are taken and there won’t be any issues with your installation process.
What Size Breaker Is Required?
Ideally, your hot tub should have a 50 to 60-amp breaker. The National Electrical Code (NEC) states that an electrician must hard-wire the spa into a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter. A Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter, also known as a GFCI, is used to prevent electrocution. This device works in a way that cuts off the power supply to your tub before anyone can be hurt. These circuit interrupters should be installed wherever an electrical circuit is in close contact with water.
Also known as the manual disconnect device, your hot tub electrical panels must be implemented between your home’s circuit breaker box and the hot tub itself. These two devices provide the power your spa needs while also preventing accidents from occurring.
What Wires Do I Need To Connect A Hot Tub?
A variety of items are needed to wire in a hot tub. This list includes electrical pliers, tape measure and wire stripper as well as a conduit, electrical grease and electrical tape, just to name a few.
Even though an electrician will be the one doing all these things, it’s still important that you know how everything should be done. Before installing the spa panel, your electrician must turn off all electricity to your home’s main circuit breaker box. From here, it’s important to measure out that your spa panel is at least five feet from your spa. The next step involves digging a conduit trench, however, the details of this may vary depending upon the specific regulations and codes of your area. Safety issues could arise if the conduit or wire is run directly under your hot tub, so it’s best to avoid doing this at all costs.
Does It Need Its Own Circuit?
The simple answer to this question is yes. It is vital that hot tubs have their own circuit. The majority of hot tubs will need a 220-240-V, 50-amp breaker, and a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter. The circuit in which the hot tub is plugged in should not be used to power any other devices. This will protect the breaker against overloading and is the best way to make sure safety is prioritized.
How Deep Do The Wires Need To Be Buried?
The minimum depth that hot tub wires should be buried is 18 inches. It’s important to become familiar with all the rules and regulations before the process begins. This will help ensure everything is up to code and done as safely as possible. The best thing you can do during this process is to hire an experienced professional.
Prior to digging, they should be checking for any cables or pipes within your backyard to prevent any issues from arising. This will help ensure that nothing is damaged in the process of setting up your hot tub.
You should know the basics of electrical work to install a hot tub safely and properly. It is important to contact a local, trusted electrician for these services so that the well-being of everyone and everything is taken into consideration.
Staying informed and up-to-date is essential! Download our hot tub buyer’s guide for more information, or visit us at our hot tub store.